The total number immigrating in each decade from to are estimates. The number of foreign born in and decades are extrapolations. Starting insome federal records, including ship passenger lists, were kept for immigration purposes, and a gradual increase in immigration was recorded; more complete immigration records provide data on immigration after Though conducted sincethe census of was the first in which place of birth was asked specifically.
You lose your job, you get the blues. Your mate falls out of love with you, you get the blues. Your dog dies, you get the blues. While blues lyrics often deal with personal adversity, the music itself goes far beyond self-pity. The blues is also about overcoming hard luck, saying what you feel, ridding yourself of frustration, letting your hair down, and simply having fun.
The best blues is visceral, cathartic, and starkly emotional. From unbridled joy to deep sadness, no form of music communicates more genuine emotion. The blues has deep roots in American history, particularly African-American history. The blues originated on Southern plantations in the 19th Century.
It's generally accepted that the music evolved from African spirituals, African chants, work songs, field hollers, rural fife and drum music, revivalist hymns, and country dance music.
The blues grew up in the Mississippi Delta just upriver from New Orleansthe birthplace of jazz. Blues and jazz have always influenced each other, and they still interact in countless ways today. Unlike jazz, the blues didn't spread out significantly from the South to the Midwest until the s and '40s.
Once the Delta blues made their way up the Mississippi to urban areas, the music evolved into electrified Chicago blues, other regional blues styles, and various jazz-blues hybrids.
A decade or so later the blues gave birth to rhythm 'n blues and rock 'n roll. No single person invented the blues, but many people claimed to have discovered the genre. For instance, minstrel show bandleader W.
Handy insisted that the blues were revealed to him in by an itinerant street guitarist at a train station in Tutwiler, Mississippi. During the middle to late s, the Deep South was home to hundreds of seminal bluesmen who helped to shape the music.
Unfortunately, much of this original music followed these sharecroppers to their graves. But the legacy of these earliest blues pioneers can still be heard in s and '30s recordings from Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Georgia and other Southern states.
This music is not very far removed from the field hollers and work songs of the slaves and sharecroppers. Many of the earliest blues musicians incorporated the blues into a wider repertoire that included traditional folk songs, vaudeville music, and minstrel tunes. Without getting too technical, most blues music is comprised of 12 bars or measures.
A specific series of notes is also utilized in the blues. The individual parts of this scale are known as the blue notes. Occasionally they teamed up with one or more fellow bluesmen to perform in the plantation camps, rural juke joints, and rambling shacks of the Deep South.
Blues bands may have evolved from early jazz bands, gospel choirs and jug bands. Jug band music was popular in the South until the s.
Early jug bands variously featured jugs, guitars, mandolins, banjos, kazoos, stringed basses, harmonicas, fiddles, washboards and other everyday appliances converted into crude instruments. Louis blues, the Memphis blues, the Louisiana blues, etc.
Chicago bluesmen such as John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters were the first to electrify the blues and add drums and piano in the late s. Today there are many different shades of the blues. A general term that describes the rural blues of the Mississippi Delta, the Piedmont and other rural locales; Jump blues: Jump blues was pioneered by Louis Jordan; Boogie-woogie: Delta blues electrified; Cool blues: A sophisticated piano-based form that owes much to jazz; West Coast blues: Popularized mainly by Texas musicians who moved to California.
West Coast blues is heavily influenced by the swing beat.Basie featured Lester Young, giving rise to the saxophonist’ career as an innovator, and also bringing exposure to an aggressive and bluesy vein of jazz that filled the clubs of the Midwest.
Meanwhile, the stars of earlier jazz styles were being forgotten.
The Dust Bowl: An Illustrated History [Ken Burns, Dayton Duncan] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In this riveting chronicle, which accompanies a documentary to be broadcast on PBS in the fall, Dayton Duncan and Ken Burns capture the profound drama of the American Dust Bowl of the s.
Terrifying photographs . Crime and Gangster Films are developed around the sinister actions of criminals or gangsters, particularly bankrobbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the law, stealing and violently murdering their way through life.
In the s, a new type of crime thriller emerged, more dark and cynical - see the section . The history of American agriculture (–) covers the period from the first English settlers to the modern day. Below are detailed timelines covering farm machinery and technology, transportation, life on the farm, farmers and the land, and crops and livestock.
A Brief History of the Blues jazz article by Ed Kopp, published on August 16, at All About Jazz. The blues has deep roots in American history, particularly African-American history.
Unlike jazz, the blues didn't spread out significantly from the South to the Midwest until the s and '40s. In the s, Winchell moved to the growing medium of radio, expanding his coverage to political gossip. An early critic of both Adolf Hitler and Communism, Winchell would be a .