R Ambedkar-A Social Reformer Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar 14 April — 6 Decemberpopularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, political leader, philosopher, anthropologist,inspiring economist, teacher, editor, prolific writer,historian, orator, revolutionary and a revivalist for Buddhism in India. He was also the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. Born into a poor Mahar considered an Untouchable caste family, Ambedkar campaigned against social discrimination Babasaheb Ambedkar- A Social Reformer.
Ambedkar - A Social Reformer Camil Parkhe The Navhind Times, Panjim, Goa, March 2, The movements to eradicate the evils of untouchability and caste system which picked up its momentum during the last century has changed its nature and dimension during the course of history.
Thanks to the fathers of Indian Constitution, especially Dr. Ambedkar, who himself hailed from the oppressed classes, the law does not discriminate against any citizen on the basis of cast and punitive action is taken against those violating the principles of nature justice.
Babasaheb Ambedkar whose birth anniversary being celebrated all over the country on the Manu, the ancient law maker had denied a respectable position to the shudras and women, Dr.
Ambedkar as the chairman of the Drafting Committees of the Constitution Assembly reversed the course of history of the oppressed classes for better and is, therefore, rightly called as modern Manu.
The process of eradication of caste system and untouchability is traceable even in the ancient Indian history, Buddhism and Jainism which had sprung up as reaction against the trends in Hindu religion had offered equal status to people without discriminating them on caste basis.
The social reform movements snowballed in real sense only during the British regime. However the division among the national leaders of that time on this vital issue served a severe joint to the reform movement. Lokmanya Tilak and others who advocated political reform even opposed establishment of a social wing of the Indian National Congress to take up the social issue.
If the political and social movements were to flourish juxtaposed, the course of Indian social history would have certainly changed to a great extent.
It was left to Mahatma Gandhi in the period to combine the social and political movement. However a cadre was prepared on the political front, there was no much organized efforts on the social scene.
The differences between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar conspicuously came to light prior to the situation of singing of the Pune Pact. Gandhiji considered the oppressed classes as an integral part of the Hindu society and untouchability as a blot on Hindu religion.
On the other hand, Dr. Ambedkar challenged the authority of the Hindu scriptures including Manusmriti and later even vowed that he would not die as a Hindu while Mahatma Gandhi had sought to change the mentality of the savarnas upper casts with regard to their behavior with the oppressed classes, Dr.
Ambedkar sought to transform thinking and life style of the backward classes. The elimination of this was when Dr.
Ambedkar, along with his thousands of followers, embraced Buddhism at Nagpur as a remedy to the centuries-old social evil of untouchability and oppression. The mass conversion to Buddhism, whatever may be the ideological basis behind it, did not pave the way for emancipation of the dalits.
Instead of being called as lower caste Hindus, now the converted people are called as neo-Buddhists on the style of the neo-Christians and they continue to receive the same treatment as their fore-fathers had received.
The greatest boon to the oppressed classes would have been the reservation policy of the Government of India had it been implemented in its spirit. Ambedkar was not the first to raise voice against the supremacy of the so-called higher social casts in the modern age, he enjoys a unique position in the dalit movement.
There were other movements too, started by Dr. During the pre-independent and post-independence period, Dr. The economic changes, industrialization and urbanization have also played role in transforming the attitude of the rest castes towards the backward classes.
The dalit movement in post — Ambedkar era in Maharashtra, home State of Dr. Ambedkar has influenced the local literature and other social fields.
The Dalit Panther, a militant organization which had become a force to reckon with during the last decade turned defunct due to division but has helped to give a distinct identity to the dalits in social fields, especially in urban areas.
The issue of reservation to backward classes has created hostility between beneficiaries of the scheme and others as was noticed during the Gujarat agitation. The agitation started to change the name of the Marathwada University to Dr. Ambedkar University also speaks volumes about this trend.
Ideally, the caste-based distinction should have been eliminated during the post-independence era and all political parties who depend on their vote banks are to be blamed for this.Dr. B. R. AMBEDKAR – A SOCIO RELIGIOUS REFORMER OF INDIA Dr. Nirmal Raj1 1Professor, Department of History, Mangalore University, Mangalore, etc., relate to the social reform of the Hindu family.
The abolition of caste system, abolition of untouchability, changes in the laws of marriages, adoption and succession relate to the larger sense. Dr. B. R.
AMBEDKAR – A SOCIO RELIGIOUS REFORMER OF INDIA Dr. Nirmal Raj1 1Professor, Department of History, Mangalore University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India. Like Buddha, Mahaveera, Phule and Gandhi, Ambedkar also critic of Hindu social order, he opposed the practice of untouchability.
Nov 13, · Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of .
Nov 08, · Ambedkar () Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was an Indian jurist, an eminent political leader, a Buddhist activist, anthropologist, orator, economist and . Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was a jurist, social reformer and politician.
He is also known as the Father of Indian Constitution. A well-known politician and an eminent jurist, his efforts to eradicate social evils like untouchablity and caste restrictions were remarkable. B. R. Ambedkar's th Birthday: Indian social reformer and politician honoured with a Google Doodle The jurist, who campaigned for the .