Dickson as a test of the early version of the Edison Kinetophonecombining the Kinetoscope and phonograph.
Origins[ edit ] The dictionary began as a Philological Society project of a small group of intellectuals in London and unconnected to Oxford University: The Society expressed interest in compiling a new dictionary as early as but it was not until June that they began by forming an "Unregistered Words Committee" to search for words that were unlisted or poorly defined in current dictionaries.
In November, Trench's report was not a list of unregistered words; instead, it was the study On Some Deficiencies in our English Dictionaries, which identified seven distinct shortcomings in contemporary dictionaries: The Society ultimately realized that the number of unlisted words would be far more than the number of words in the English dictionaries of the 19th century, and shifted their idea from covering only words that were not already in English dictionaries to a larger project.
Trench suggested that a new, truly comprehensive dictionary was needed. On 7 Januarythe Society formally adopted the idea of a comprehensive new dictionary. He withdrew and Herbert Coleridge became the first editor.
His house was the first editorial office. He arrayedquotation slips in a 54 pigeon-hole grid. Furthermore, many of the slips were misplaced. Furnivall believed that, since many printed texts from earlier centuries were not readily available, it would be impossible for volunteers to efficiently locate the quotations that the dictionary needed.
As a result, he founded the Early English Text Society in and the Chaucer Society in to publish old manuscripts. Furnivall recruited more than volunteers to read these texts and record quotations.
While enthusiastic, the volunteers were not well trained and often made inconsistent and arbitrary selections. Ultimately, Furnivall handed over nearly two tons of quotation slips and other materials to his successor.
He then approached James Murraywho accepted the post of editor. In the late s, Furnivall and Murray met with several publishers about publishing the dictionary. InOxford University Press agreed with Murray to proceed with the massive project; the agreement was formalized the following year.
It was another 50 years before the entire dictionary was complete. Late in his editorship, Murray learned that a prolific reader named W. Minor was a criminal lunatic.
Minor invented his own quotation-tracking system, allowing him to submit slips on specific words in response to editors' requests. Oxford editors[ edit ] James Murray in the Scriptorium at Banbury Road During the s, the Philological Society was concerned with the process of publishing a dictionary with such an immense scope.Circa definition: Circa is used in front of a particular year to say that this is the approximate date when | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples.
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