Amharic is also known to be the second most widely spoken Semitic language in the world.
What motivated to comment on this topic are the issue and debate surrounding our languages in the current set-up. It is not out of spontaneity but rather out of a changing political pressure that this issue Ethiopian writing surfaced. Therefore, to properly understand the origin, evolution and growth of our languages, the political issues will also have to be studied well.
To do this, one has to be not only a linguist but also, I believe, a politician by trade. But I am not a politician. If, however, I happen to touch upon issues that might have political content, it is my wish that it will be known that I do so only in my capacity as an average Ethiopian citizen.
With regard to the status of our languages, the focus of my writing will be "Feedel" and the script. To do so, I might have to refer to linguistics and literature as well.
Therefore, my writing will be as follows: First, I shall touch upon issues that pertain to linguistics and writing. I will do so because I believe these issues will help to build my case for later discussions.
Then I shall discuss about the origins and evolution of writing and then proceed to the current issues. The phonemes in turn make up words, the words then sentences and so on.
Sentences fully describe a thought. As expression of thoughts, a language is a collection of sentences. People express their ideas in a given language through speaking. It is only years ago that people started writing 1. This is a short time. Even today, many a nation and nationality use the spoken word to exchange ideas.
The situation in our country is not different from this. To express thoughts through writing, symbols that represent sounds, words or phonemes are needed. These symbols have to be, of course, understood by the users of the language.
Languages that have these symbols are called written languages whereas those that do not have them are known simply as spoken languages. This art of expressing thoughts through symbols is called writing and the nature of writing as writing system.
Script is the term that is used to describe the symbols as a whole 2. The logographic system was used first around years ago 3.
Its place of origin is in the areas of Palestine and Syria 4. In the logographic system, one symbol represents one word. A language ofwords, for example, could have symbols as many as 50, - 60, Note that synonyms will share the same symbol.
The old Chinese writing system is one example 5. In the syllabic system, a symbol represents not a sound but a phoneme. What we call a phoneme is a combination of a vowel and a consonant. In this system, the numbers of symbols needed for a given language is determined by the number of basic sounds used.
For example, if a language has 25 consonants and 5 vowels, the total number of phonemes will be 25x5. And to represent these phonemes, symbols will be needed. A user will have to clearly and distinctively know each of these symbols. That is when we say a user is "literate".
In the syllabic system, it is possible only to point out to the phonemes but not the vowels and consonants that comprise it.
This is possible only in what is called the alphabetic system. This writing system originated from the syllabic systems used in the Semitic languages of the Middle East.List of famous writers from Ethiopia, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Ethiopia is home to many prolific writers, including those who write fiction, non-fiction, poetry, biographies and more.
Type Amharic lets you type in Amharic using Amharic keyboard. Type in the text box or simply click on the characters to type in Amharic, Tigrigna and other Ge'ez based Ethiopian languages.
Type in Amharic and copy the Amharic text and paste it in your your email. Please note that Type Amharic is not a translator. Ethiopian journalists Eskinder Nega and his wife, Serkalem Fasil, were jailed in — in separate prisons — on charges of treason.
The couple didn’t know it, but Serkalem had just become pregnant with their first and only child. Born premature and malnourished, the baby boy’s only chance of survival was an incubator, which the [ ]. The Ethiopian alphabet or Amharic letters is also known as Ethiopic or Geez is one of the oldest used in the world.
Although it has been tried, there is no standardized method of writing down the Amharic language into the Latin. Type Amharic lets you type in Amharic using Amharic keyboard. Type in the text box or simply click on the characters to type in Amharic, Tigrigna and other Ge'ez based Ethiopian languages.
Type in Amharic and copy the Amharic text and paste it in your your email.
Please note . In Amharic and Tigrinya, the script is often called fidäl (ፊደል), meaning "script" or "alphabet". The Ge'ez script has been adapted to write other, mostly Semitic, languages, particularly Amharic in Ethiopia, and Tigrinya in both Eritrea and Ethiopia.
It is also used for Sebatbeit, Me'en, and most other languages of Ethiopia.