Protestantism and capitalism

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Protestantism and capitalism

Memorial Church finished and consecrated in Speyer commemorates the Protestation. The Protesting Speyer, part of the Luther Monument in Worms Protestant[ edit ] Six princes of the Holy Roman Empire and rulers of fourteen Imperial Free Citieswho issued a protest or dissent against the edict of the Diet of Speyerwere the first individuals to be called Protestants.

The term protestant, though initially purely political in nature, later acquired a broader sense, referring to a member of any Western church which subscribed to the main Protestant principles. Protestantism as a general term is now used in contradistinction to the other major Christian traditions, i.

Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy. During the Reformation, the term protestant was hardly used outside of German politics. People who were involved in the religious movement used the word evangelical German: For further details, see the section below.

Gradually, protestant became a general term, meaning any adherent of the Reformation in the German-speaking area. It was ultimately somewhat taken up by Lutheranseven though Martin Luther himself insisted on Christian or evangelical as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.

French and Swiss Protestants instead preferred the word reformed French: Evangelical[ edit ] Direction signs showing ways to two different Protestant churches in the German city of Wiesbaden. The word evangelical German: Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod. Above all the term is used by Protestant bodies in the German-speaking areasuch as the Evangelical Church in Germany.

The German word evangelisch means Protestant, and is different from the German evangelikal, which refers to churches shaped by Evangelicalism.

The English word evangelical usually refers to evangelical Protestant churches, and therefore to a certain part of Protestantism rather than to Protestantism as a whole. The English word traces its roots back to the Puritans in England, where Evangelicalism originated, and then was brought to the United States.

Martin Luther always disliked the term Lutheran, preferring the term evangelical, which was derived from euangelion, a Greek word meaning "good news", i.

To distinguish the two evangelical groups, others began to refer to the two groups as Evangelical Lutheran and Evangelical Reformed. Nowadays, the word also pertains in the same way to some other mainline groups, for example Evangelical Methodist.

As time passed by, the word evangelical was dropped. Lutherans themselves began to use the term Lutheran in the middle of the 16th century, in order to distinguish themselves from other groups such as the Philippists and Calvinists.

Reformational[ edit ] The German word reformatorisch, which roughly translates to English as "reformational" or "reforming", is used as an alternative for evangelisch in German, and is different from English reformed German: Being derived from the word "Reformation", the term emerged around the same time as evangelical and protestant Main principles[ edit ] Key figures of the Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther and John Calvin depicted on a church pulpit.

These reformers emphasised preaching and made it a centerpiece of worship. The Bible translated into vernacular by Martin Luther. The supreme authority of scripture is a fundamental principle of Protestantism.

Various experts on the subject tried to determine what makes a Christian denomination a part of Protestantism. A common consensus approved by most of them is that if a Christian denomination is to be considered Protestant, it must acknowledge the following three fundamental principles of Protestantism.

Sola Scriptura The belief, emphasized by Luther, in the Bible as the highest source of authority for the church. The early churches of the Reformation believed in a critical, yet serious, reading of scripture and holding the Bible as a source of authority higher than that of church tradition.

The many abuses that had occurred in the Western Church before the Protestant Reformation led the Reformers to reject much of its tradition, though some would maintain tradition has been maintained and reorganized in the liturgy and in the confessions of the Protestant churches of the Reformation.

In the early 20th century, a less critical reading of the Bible developed in the United States, leading to a "fundamentalist" reading of Scripture. Christian fundamentalists read the Bible as the "inerrant, infallible" Word of God, as do the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican and Lutheran churches, but interpret it in a literalist fashion without using the historical critical method.

Sola Fide The belief that believers are justifiedor pardoned for sin, solely on condition of faith in Christ rather than a combination of faith and good works.SHIT is everywhere.

Protestantism and capitalism

So as long as you're stepping in it, show it some respect. WORLD RELIGIONS PHILOSOPHY AND OTHER THINGS. THE COMPLETE AND UNCENSORED SHIT LIST. The second part of the question is confusing to me.

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I think that I can focus or at least start the process on the first question. There are many characteristics of capitalism. Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

It originated with the 16th century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church. Ever since, Protestants reject the Roman Catholic doctrine of papal supremacy and sacraments, but disagree.

Contrary to popular belief, raising the minimum wage won’t make everyone richer, but it will make a great deal of poor people poorer—or more accurately, out of work. is an apparent connection between Protestantism and the rise of capitalism, and in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism he accounted for the connection in terms of Calvinism’s inculcating a this-worldly asceticism—which created a rational discipline and work ethic, together with a drive to accumulate savings that could.

Protestantism and capitalism

Introduction to Christianity Comparing the beliefs of Roman Catholics & conservative Protestants Sponsored link. Overview: This essay compares the beliefs of Roman Catholicism with the conservative wing of Protestantism.

SparkNotes: The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: Summary