Arab communities are to be found within Europe as well as in the Arab world, and Islam is now a Western religion as well as an Arab one. Career Opportunities All Western organisations that work with the Arab world or with Arab or Muslim communities in the West — from travel agencies to security services — need people with expertise in Arab and Islamic studies. There are opportunities to work in local government or aid organisations in the public sector, and some private-sector opportunities in the Western firms that operate within the Arab world.
The district must provide students the opportunity each year to select courses in which they intend to participate from a list that includes all courses required to be offered in subsection b 2 of this section. If the school district will not offer the required courses every year, but intends to offer particular courses only every other year, it must notify all enrolled students of that fact.
A school district must teach a course that is specifically required for high school graduation at least once in any two consecutive school years. For a subject that has an end-of-course assessment, the district must either teach the course every year or employ options described in Subchapter C of this chapter relating to Other Provisions to enable students to earn credit for the course and must maintain evidence that it is employing those options.
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require a district to offer a specific course in the foundation and enrichment curriculum except as required by this subsection.
English Language Proficiency Standards. School districts shall implement this section as an integral part of each subject in the required curriculum. Social language proficiency in English consists of the English needed for daily social interactions. Academic language proficiency consists of the English needed to think critically, understand and learn new concepts, process complex academic material, and interact and communicate in English academic settings.
ELLs may exhibit different proficiency levels within the language domains of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The proficiency level descriptors outlined in subsection d of this section show the progression of second language acquisition from one proficiency level to the next and serve as a road map to help content area teachers instruct ELLs commensurate with students' linguistic needs.
In fulfilling the requirements of this section, school districts shall: These ELLs require focused, targeted, and systematic second language acquisition instruction to provide them with the foundation of English language vocabulary, grammar, syntax, and English mechanics necessary to support content-based instruction and accelerated learning of English.
The ELL uses language learning strategies to develop an awareness of his or her own learning processes in all content areas. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across the foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency.
The student is expected to: The ELL listens to a variety of speakers including teachers, peers, and electronic media to gain an increasing level of comprehension of newly acquired language in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in listening.
ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in speaking.
The ELL reads a variety of texts for a variety of purposes with an increasing level of comprehension in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in reading.
For Kindergarten and Grade 1, certain of these student expectations apply to text read aloud for students not yet at the stage of decoding written text.
The ELL writes in a variety of forms with increasing accuracy to effectively address a specific purpose and audience in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in writing.
In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency.
For Kindergarten and Grade 1, certain of these student expectations do not apply until the student has reached the stage of generating original written text using a standard writing system. The following proficiency level descriptors for listening are sufficient to describe the overall English language proficiency levels of ELLs in this language domain in order to linguistically accommodate their instruction.Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die - Kindle edition by Chip Heath, Dan Heath.
Effective communication sounds like it should be instinctive. But all too often, when we try to communicate with others something goes astray. We say one thing, the other person hears something else, and misunderstandings, frustration, and conflicts ensue. This can cause problems in your home. The Importance of Communicating Effectively By Aaron J. Lewis, Graduate Student, Urban Youth Development Program Importance of effective communication Eye contact is important in sending and receiving messages. Eye contact can be a signal of interest, recognition, or even a sign of honesty and credibility. Effective communication for people (true for both students and non-students alike) is important for a few reasons. First, effective communication insures that listening (not hearing) takes place.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die. FIGURE Diagnostic team members and the tasks they perform are two elements of the work system in which the diagnostic process occurs..
individual clinician, the diagnostic process ideally involves collaboration among multiple health care professionals, the patient, and the patient’s family. Description The course is designed to give the student an in-depth understanding of the soil as a three-phase system (solid, liquid, gas).
A basic knowledge of soil . Yahoo Lifestyle is your source for style, beauty, and wellness, including health, inspiring stories, and the latest fashion trends.
Find out why Stony Brook University has become an internationally recognized research institution that is changing the world. Explore programs and degrees offered for endless career opportunities. Start your journey in education today! § Description of a Required Elementary Curriculum.
(a) A school district that offers kindergarten through Grade 5 must provide instruction in the required curriculum as specified in § of this title (relating to Essential Knowledge and Skills).