Writing research questions for quantitative research

Some of these starting phrases are highlighted in blue text in the examples below:

Writing research questions for quantitative research

No Comments In quantitative research, it is all about numerical data and running some type of statistical analysis. Your research question guides your research and your choice of methodology, so you need to make sure you get this step right early.

If you are uncertain about the differences between quantitative and qualitative research and research questions, you can first read the posts Choosing between Qualitative and Quantitative Approachesand Qualitative vs Quantitative Research Questions.

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What is a quantitative research question? A research question helps us define what we hope to learn when we conduct our study. It establishes which part of the previously identified problem our study will try to solve for the reader. A quantitative research question is usually followed by a hypothesis — this is a prediction of what we think our study will find; a statement that answers the initial speculative research question.

In quantitative research, you usually work with at least two variables.

writing research questions for quantitative research

It is important that one of those variables is an independent variable IV. You are often drawing your conclusions by manipulating the independent variable and observing the effects on the dependent variable DV. Types of quantitative research questions To summarize what we have already learned from our previous posts, there are three types of quantitative research questions.

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They use a particular simplified formula: Here, you are asking if two variables are correlated, and whether they are correlated negatively or positively.

The answer often leads to other questions — questions which need to be the scope of a new study; a quantitative or a qualitative study based on the questions that are unearthed.

What is the relationship between years on the job and a sense of loyalty to the company? If this study shows that there is a positive correlation, we might want to ask an additional question that will explain the reasons for this association e.

But remember, any new question s that arise should be undertaken separately from your first study. This question is often asked when we know we are going to have two comparable groups and we want to see if there will be a significant difference between these two groups.

Is there a significant difference in reading scores between children who read five books a month and children who read two books a month? To what extent can X predict Y?

When we know that two variables have a relationship, we want to see if we can predict one from the other. These type of studies are usually not undertaken by newbies, as they can be easily challenged i. To what extent can a certain diet predict the onset of a stroke What makes a good quantitative research question?A quantitative research question is usually followed by a hypothesis — this is a prediction of what we think our study will find; a statement that answers the initial speculative research question.

In quantitative research, you usually work with at least two variables. Research Questions and Hypotheses - This book chapter takes an in-depth look at the principles used to design and write research questions and hypotheses for qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research and describes the differences in approaches based upon the type of research.

Formulating a quantitative research question can often be a difficult task. When composing a research question, a researcher needs to determine if they want to describe data, compare differences among groups, assess a relationship, or determine if a set of variables predict another variable.

Research Questions and Hypotheses - This book chapter takes an in-depth look at the principles used to design and write research questions and hypotheses for qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research and describes the differences in approaches based upon the type of research.

Writing Good Quantitative Research Questions Posted on October 19, by Gavin Davie Note: this is an excerpt from How to Write a Research Paper, Proposal, or Thesis eBook. May 19,  · The following is a critique of a quantitative research article with a qualitative component.

Elements of a research article will be discussed, as well as what each component is supposed to include and the essentials to writing a good research article.

Writing a Good Research Question - Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching